Members of Abu Dhabi royal family accused of human trafficking
Princess Shekha Alnehayan and her seven daughters traveled to Brussels regularly. In 2008 they rented their usual luxury suite in the Conrad Hotel for several months. And they brought along at least 20 servants, who had to attend to every wish 24 hours a day, without enough food, without a bed – and without a visa, let alone a work permit for Brussels.
Now the eight princesses stand accused of violating labor regulations and of human trafficking.
"The servants were not paid, they worked day and night and had to sleep on the floor. The princesses shouted at them and abused them continually," says Patricia LeCocq, spokesperson for the Belgian human rights organization Myria.
Things only came to light when one of the servants fled and reported the case to the police. That triggered an investigation and police found the allegations to be true: The women were being held in inhumane conditions. A large-scale investigation was launched and the case landed in a Belgian court.
But it took nine years for the actual trial to get underway.
The Alneyahans are one of the most influential families in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and made international headlines when they bought the Premier League football club Manchester City.
Belgian media reported that the royal family's lawyer repeatedly claimed police had violated the princesses' rights by searching their hotel rooms. The ensuing legal battle took years.
Furthermore, the case was largely ignored by the press. "I couldn't believe that the media didn't report on this more," says Nicholas McGeehan from Human Rights Watch. He has been researching human rights abuses in the Gulf States for many years.
He confirms that this is not the only incident of servants being brought from the Gulf to Europe illegally and then mistreated. In January, the European Court of Human Rights heard a similar case. A family from Dubai had brought three Philippino servants with them on a short trip to Vienna. There, the women had to look after the children and do household chores around the clock. Whenever they made a mistake their employers would shout at them and threaten them.
The servants feared for their lives and turned to the police. An Austrian human rights organization took up their case and brought it before the court in Strasbourg. The result, however, was sobering. The court decided a trial would have "no realistic chance of success." The accused had long since left the country, the court said, and no agreement exists between Austria and the UAE that could provide a legal framework for prosecution.
Human rights activists have long accused Gulf States of supporting "modern slavery." They point to organizations that recruit workers in impoverished regions of Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan, promising them well-paid jobs in the Arab region.
But once they arrive in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain or the UAE, they find they have to work hard around the clock and do not get paid promptly or regularly. Many of them are abused and beaten. The domestic staff can not take legal action in those countries, as a system called "Kafala" makes the employer the legal guardian. It is also a crime to apply for a new job without the permission of the old employer.