The UAE Judicial System
The judicial system in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) consists of two separate entities: the Federal Judiciary, as the highest judicial authority in the UAE, and the local courts at Emirate level on the other. According to the Constitution of the UAE (1971), each Emirate is entitled to its own court system if it so chooses, or to participate in the Federal Judiciary.
However, only the Emirates of Dubai and Ras al Khaimah maintain their own independent judicial systems, whilst the remaining Emirates are part of the federal judicial structure. It is important to note, however, that there are issues that always fall under federal jurisdiction, such as all cases related to ‘National Security.’